Depression

Depression is the single most common mood disorder and is also one of the most treatable conditions. It can exist with anxiety, stress, feelings of hopelessness and relationship and health problems. Children also suffer from depression and childhood events, such as the sudden absence of a parent, can trigger depression in later life. Workplace stress and bullying are also causal factors in depression, whilst major life changes, such as childbirth, redundancy and retirement can also trigger a depressive episode. Depression is not always easy to categorise as some people may say that they feel depressed when they are feeling low, sad or miserable. Others may have a clinical diagnosis of depression.There are a number of clinical diagnoses of depression including major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, bipolar disorder, cyclothymic disorder, mood disorder due to a general medical condition and substance-induced mood disorder. There are two subtypes of mood disorders; seasonal affective disorder and postpartum depression. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is being further studied. For each of these mood disorders there are specific criteria that a person's symptoms must meet in order to receive a medical diagnosis. For example, people suffering from dysthymic disorder will have had a depressed mood for at least two years (for children, the criteria is one year and may have irritable mood) and will have at least two of the following.

  • Either overeating or lack of appetite
  • Sleeping too much or having difficulty sleeping
  • Fatigue, lack of energy
  • Poor self-esteem
  • Difficulty with concentration or decision-making
  • Feeling hopeless

Treatment

If you feel that you are depressed, your first action should be to visit your GP for a diagnosis. Current thinking tends to explain depression as an 'imbalance in brain chemistry' although some research challenges this biochemical explanation suggesting a link between symptoms and social or environmental factors such as relationships, bereavement, stressful events, childbirth, changes in employment and financial strain. This is often known as a bio psychosocial model, that is, an interaction of biological, psychological and social factors. Lack of social support, isolation or low self- esteem can lead to depression as can a history of negative or stressful childhood experiences, which can change brain physiology.

Treatment for depression often includes CBT, psychotherapy, counselling, medication, or a combination of these interventions. Michael D. Yapko, Ph.D., Clinical Psychologist is internationally recognised for his work in clinical applications of hypnosis, treating depression, and developing strategic, outcome-focused psychotherapies states "there is ample evidence that psychotherapy for depression can be highly effective" particularly with the added use of hypnosis. He also notes "There is growing empirical support for the use of hypnosis. Research suggests that hypnosis is a measure linked to positive changes in depressive patients, encouraging a sense of personal empowerment whilst combating depressive symptoms. Hypnosis is also shown to be useful in treating pain, anxiety, and numerous other physical and psychological problems often associated with depression."

Isis Solutions for Depression

Initially you will be given a full assessment to ascertain the best possible treatment for your individual circumstances. We will then agree treatment designed to produce the best outcome for you.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a form of psychotherapy that emphasises the significance of how we think influences what we feel and what we do. For example a depressed person may see themselves in a negative way, perhaps as unlovable, constantly being rejected by others in a world that was indifferent to them. A depressed person often assumes negative beliefs and assumptions about themselves, others and the world around them. Cognitive therapy challenges these negative assumptions. Homework is an essential part of this therapy.

Hypnotherapy is extremely effective in helping a person to achieve positive outcomes. Once the subconscious mind is accessed, it is possible to uncover unhelpful memories, deal with them and move forward. Hypnosis is not intended to replace medication, nor is it a ‘magic wand’ that causes all symptoms to disappear, but it can help people find the motivation to take action, to make decisions, to change negative thoughts and to build self-esteem and confidence. It can also change feelings of guilt.

Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing is increasingly used in the treatment of depression, especially when it is linked to previous trauma. It integrates elements of many valuable psychotherapies in a structured way designed to maximise treatment effects. These include psychodynamic, cognitive behavioural, interpersonal, experiential, and body centred therapies. EMDR seems to directly influence the way that the brain functions. It helps to restore normal ways of dealing with problems such as the way that information is processed. EMDR appears to mimic what the brain does naturally on a daily basis during dreaming or REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep.

Neuro-linguistic Programming reflects the basic premise that the words we use reflect an inner, subconscious perception of our problems. If these words and perceptions are inaccurate, as long as we continue to use them and to think of them, the underlying problem will persist. The use of NLP can challenge these perceptions. You will be taught to access your own strategies for successfully dealing with the world and allow the 'non-depressed you' to take control.

Transactional Analysis is based on the belief that everyone has a child, adult and parent self within them and within each social interaction, one self predominates. Some people see life as a basically positive experience and themselves as basically acceptable. Eric Berne called this positive experience of self "being OK." Others decide they are not adequate (not OK) as human beings and that they will fail in some way. These expectations, based on a decision about how life will be, become a person's way of seeing and interacting with the world. By recognising these roles, a person can choose which one to adopt and so change their behaviour and consequently the behaviour of others towards them.

Fuller information relating to each of these techniques can be accessed on the website under Therapies.



Address: 3, St Anne's View, Worksop, Nottinghamshire, S80 3QQ
Telephone: 07852 117030
Email: info@isislifesolutions.co.uk